Periodontal gum disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It's typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums; painful chewing problems; and even tooth loss.
Our mouths are full of bacteria. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.
There are a number of risk factors for gum disease, but smoking is the most significant.Realwear 10
Smoking also can make treatment for gum disease less successful. Other risk factors include diabetes; hormonal changes in girls and women; diabetes; medications that lessen the flow of saliva; certain illnesses, such as AIDS, and their medications; and genetic susceptibility.
The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results.
Search Search. On this page Overview. Additional Resources. Related Publications. Last Reviewed July It never fails. Even if you brush every day, after every single meal, and floss like it's your job, your teeth still have to endure what seems like an inordinate amount of scraping once you're in the dentist's chair.
This is in part because brushing -- even lots of it -- often isn't enough to prevent plaque and stains. But that tray full of terrifying instruments commanding your full attention throughout your dental exam isn't there just to torture you really.
Types of Periodontal probes and their Classification
Your dental hygienist has this variety of tools with which to scrape, poke and prod at your teeth to help them in ways brushing can't, and at least one of those tools -- the dental scaler -- can be used at home in between visits, too.
A dental scaler is a hand-held device that has a metallic end shaped like a hook or curved blade. Using a dental scaler may add some time onto your typical brush-and-floss routine, but it's also an effective way to keep your teeth free of plaque and stains -- if you use it correctly. To make sure you're handling your dental scaler the right way, imagine the motion of scraping snow off the front step of a home -- you're using the long, flat edge of a shovel to scrape the surface clear.
Similarly, you'll want to scrape the long edge of the scaler's blade along each tooth's surface, from just above or below the gum line toward the end of the tooth. Be sure to rinse the scaler after cleaning each tooth, as plaque and debris may accumulate on it.
While getting the motion right will take some getting used to, using a dental scaler can become a regular part of your oral-care routine, though it's not something you need to do daily. It does require caution and patience, however, and may not be right for everyone. Scraping too roughly could damage the enamel on your teeth or cut your gums. Speak with your dentist first if you're thinking about using a dental scaler at home, and check out the next page for lots more information about oral care.
Oral Hygiene You may have seen dental scalers at the dentist's office, but you can use one at home, too. Beemsterboer, Phyllis, M. Will taking care of my teeth help prevent heart disease? Related Articles Oral Hygiene Can I treat dental Caries with antibiotics? That means I can kill them by taking antibiotics no?Lightweight chrome os
Your mouth has different known bacteria in it. And a large amount of viruses and fungus. Taking antibiotics will not stop them from destroying your teeth. Maintaining good oral hygiene will, and with much less side effects….
Can dental anesthesia trigger a heart attack? I have heart problems and about to go to the dentist to do a root canal. Well, it's a very very rare complication, and one that dentists know how to and should avoid, but if the anesthetic substance reach a blood vessel it may cause problems with the functions of the heart mainly the heart rhythm, less commonly the normal heart attack.
However, if you have heart problem, especially problems with the valves of the heart you should inform your doctor and your dentist - you may need to receive antibiotics prior to the dental procedure in order to prevent infective endocarditis infection of the heart valves.
Dental Caries and Stress are related? Can it be possible that dental caries cavities be caused by stress? It seems to me that it can, because stress can cause all kinds of other health problems then why can't it also cause cavities. I have tried to find answers to question online, but have been unsuccessful.
Sure would be great to know the answer to this. Related to dental hoe: dental chisel.Fcel delisting
An educationally qualified dental assistant may be delegated to do intraoral procedures that do not require the professional skill and judgment of a dentist.
Although not all states require formal education for dental assistants, minimum educational standards include a program of approximately one academic year. Some state boards of dentistry register dental assistants RDA after completion of a state-administered examination.
LaSalle St. Decayed and infected teeth can be the source of other infections throughout the body, and decayed or missing teeth can interfere with proper chewing of food, leading to nutritional deficiencies or disorders of digestion. Called also tooth decay. The causes are not completely understood, but certain facts are known. Tooth decay seems to be a disease of civilization, possibly associated with refined foods. Lack of dental cleanliness is also closely associated. Decay occurs where food and bacteria such as Lactobacillus species and Streptococcus mutans adhere to the surface of the teeth, especially in pits or crevices, and form dental plaque.
It is believed that the action of the bacteria on sugars and starches creates lactic acidwhich can quickly and permanently dissolve tooth enamel. The acid produced in just 20 minutes after sugar comes into contact with plaque is enough to begin this process. In most people this occurs whenever sweet foods are eaten; thus, eating of sweet or starchy foods between meals or at bedtime can be harmful to the teeth unless they are thoroughly brushed and rinsed immediately afterward.
Decay that is not treated will progress through the enamel and dentin into the pulpwhich contains the nerves. When it reaches the pulp, it can cause intense pain. There is no relief until the pulp dies or is removed or the tooth is extracted. The treatment for tooth decay consists of elimination of the pathogenic microorganisms that cause it, along with regular dental care.
Enamel that has been destroyed does not grow back. The decay must be removed and the cavity filled.A dental implant is a metal post that replaces the root portion of a missing tooth. An artificial tooth crown is placed on an extension of the post abutment on the dental implant, giving you the look of a real tooth.
Dental implant surgery is a procedure that replaces tooth roots with metal, screwlike posts and replaces damaged or missing teeth with artificial teeth that look and function much like real ones. Dental implant surgery can offer a welcome alternative to dentures or bridgework that doesn't fit well and can offer an option when a lack of natural teeth roots don't allow building denture or bridgework tooth replacements.
How dental implant surgery is performed depends on the type of implant and the condition of your jawbone. Dental implant surgery may involve several procedures. The major benefit of implants is solid support for your new teeth — a process that requires the bone to heal tightly around the implant.Sekiro latest patch
Because this bone healing requires time, the process can take many months. Dental implants are surgically placed in your jawbone, where they serve as the roots of missing teeth. Because the titanium in the implants fuses with your jawbone, the implants won't slip, make noise or cause bone damage the way fixed bridgework or dentures might. And the materials can't decay like your own teeth that support regular bridgework can.
Periodontal Treatments and Procedures
Like any surgery, dental implant surgery poses some health risks. Problems are rare, though, and when they do occur they're usually minor and easily treated. Risks include:. The planning process for dental implants may involve a variety of specialists, including a doctor who specializes in conditions of the mouth, jaw and face oral and maxillofacial surgeona dentist specializing in treating structures that support the teeth, such as gums and bones periodontista dentist who designs and fits artificial teeth prosthodontistor occasionally an ear, nose and throat ENT specialist.
Because dental implants require one or more surgical procedures, you must have a thorough evaluation to prepare for the process, including a:.1hdt engine for sale perth
To control pain, anesthesia options during surgery include local anesthesia, sedation or general anesthesia. Talk to your dental specialist about which option is best for you. Your dental care team will instruct you about eating and drinking before surgery, depending on what type of anesthesia you have.
If you're having sedation or general anesthesia, plan to have someone take you home after surgery and expect to rest for the remainder of the day. Dental implant surgery is usually an outpatient surgery performed in stages, with healing time between procedures.
The process of placing a dental implant involves multiple steps, including:. The entire process can take many months from start to finish. Much of that time is devoted to healing and waiting for the growth of new bone in your jaw.
Depending on your situation, the specific procedure done or the materials used, certain steps can sometimes be combined. Your oral surgeon may need to transplant a small portion of bone — commonly from another site in the upper or lower jawbone — to give the dental implant a solid foundation. If your jawbone isn't thick enough or is too soft, you may need bone grafting before you can have dental implant surgery.
That's because the powerful chewing action of your mouth exerts great pressure on your bone, and if it can't support the implant, the surgery likely would fail. A bone graft can create a more solid base for the implant.
There are several bone graft materials that can be used to rebuild a jawbone. Options may include a natural bone graft, such as from another location in your body, or a synthetic bone graft, such as bone-substitute material that can provide support structures for new bone growth.
Talk to your doctor about options that will work best for you. It may take several months for the transplanted bone to grow enough new bone to support a dental implant.
In some cases, you may need only minor bone grafting, which can be done at the same time as the implant surgery. The condition of your jawbone determines how you proceed. During surgery to place the dental implant, your oral surgeon makes a cut to open your gum and expose the bone. Holes are drilled into the bone where the dental implant metal post will be placed.Periodontal probes are the instruments designed for specific purpose of assessing the periodontal health with clinical techniques. Periodontal probes are used to measure, locate and mark the pockets and also determine their related to each tooth surface.
Probe is a tapered, rod like instrument calibrated in millimeters with a tip, in case of periodontal probe the tip measures 0. The probe is made up of 3 parts Handle, Shank and Working end. When the probe is inserted into the pocket for examination a firm and gentle pressure to the bottom of the pocket is applied. The shank should be aligned parallel to the long axis of the tooth being examined.
This missing numbers makes it easy for determining the depth of the pocket due to the small size of the markings. And as 5mm pocket depth is considered to the optimum pocket depth which can be managed. I am Varun, a Dentist from Hyderabad, India trying my bit to help everyone understand Dental problems and treatments and to make Dental Education simplified for Dental Students and Dental fraternity.
If you have any doubts feel free to contact me or comment in the post, thanks for visiting. Very helpful. You may consider updating with pictures and other recent probes.
Visuals is always key in learning. Thank you again. Sure, will try to update with the same. Can you please point out the ones which I might have missed so I can update them in the post. You can mention, to avoid parallax error. Thanks this post. Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email.
Types of periodontal probes. Share it! Suturing Techniques used in Dentistry. Julia Okram. Bhargavi Preeti Kapa. Ash Mark. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.By Dr. Mario A. Periodontal gum disease affects millions of people all over the world.
Understanding Periodontal Pockets
It is the number one cause of adult tooth loss, and has been linked to a host of other ailments like diabetes, heart disease and problems in pregnancy. Nearly half of adults age 30 and older have some degree of gum disease, and the percentage increases with age.
However, because the symptoms can be very subtle, many don't realize they have gum disease until it starts to take a serious toll. Healthy gums are vital to a beautiful smile and to overall oral health — yet, when gums are not healthy, they not only look less appealing, but can also lose their tight attachment to the teeth. One of the chief signs of gum disease is the presence of periodontal "peri" — around; "odont" — tooth pockets — that is, spaces around the teeth, below the gum line, that have become infected.
Pockets provide an ideal environment for bacteria to grow, and may spread infection to the structures that keep teeth anchored in the mouth.
Although periodontal pockets are invisible to the eye, they can be detected during an oral exam, when the space between the gums and teeth is measured. During a comprehensive examination, your dentist or hygienist may probe your gums and read off numbers like "three-two-three…four-three-three…" These numbers indicate whether periodontal pockets are present, and how deep they are. Taken together, they can give your dentist an accurate picture of the health of your gums.
Even in healthy gums, the top of the gum tissue does not attach directly to the tooth. Instead, there is a small space between the tooth and gum called a sulcus. Bacteria and food particles may collect in the sulcus, but for the most part they are removed by brushing and flossing. However, a toothbrush generally does not reach more than millimeters about one tenth of an inch below the gum line. If the sulcus is deeper, bacteria and food debris can build up below the gums, causing inflammation and swelling.
When gum tissue begins to separate or pull away from the teeth, it leaves a larger space between the tooth and gums where harmful bacteria can thrive. At this point the space is called a "pocket. If bacteria in the pocket remain undisturbed, they will continue to accumulate there, causing further loss of bone and gum tissue attachment beneath the gum line, and eventually eroding the structures that hold the teeth in place.
The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, or "inflammation of the gums. There is no bone loss with gingivitis — and fortunately, this common form of gum disease can almost always be reversed with good oral hygiene and regular professional cleanings.Zentangle voor beginners, hoe start je!
Left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more serious stage of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis causes damage to the tissues surrounding the teeth, including bone, periodontal ligaments and the gum tissues. While many think teeth are directly supported by bones in the jaw, the true anatomy is more complex. Teeth are actually held in place by thousands of tiny fibers that connect the root of the tooth to the bone. These fibers can be damaged or destroyed by bacterial infections that stem from untreated periodontal disease.
In a case of periodontitis, pockets allow infection to spread, resulting in bone loss underneath the gums. These are the kind of "deep pockets" that no one wants, so it's important to diagnose and treat them before they threaten the integrity of the structures that support the teeth — or even cause tooth loss.
To monitor the health of your gums, your dentist uses a special tool called a periodontal probe, a small hand-held instrument that measures the gap where the tooth meets the gum. During the periodontal examination, the dentist gently inserts the probe between the tooth and gum, and then measures from the top of the gum to the bottom of the sulcus or pocket.
Six measurements, in millimeters, are taken around each tooth: three on the outer lip side and three on the inner tongue side. These measurements are recorded, and can be used to track changes in your periodontal health over time.
Measurements ranging from 1 mm to 3 mm generally indicate a normal, healthy attachment of the gum tissue around the tooth. A snug fit between tooth and gum no more than 3 mm makes it easier to remove plaque bacteria from beneath the gum line, where it can affect the attachment of gum tissue to the tooth. Any space over 3 mm deep may signify gum disease, particularly if gums bleed. Larger numbers usually ranging from 5 to 12 mm reveal the presence of periodontal pockets, which make it more difficult for an individual to control plaque effectively with at-home oral hygiene.
In most cases, the larger the number, the more bone loss is present, and the more difficult it is to keep teeth and gums healthy. A 4 mm measurement is often the dividing line between a normal sulcus and a periodontal pocket. However, while pocket depth is significant, other factors must be taken into consideration when diagnosing gum disease.Suitable for deep, narrow pockets and concave root surfaces.
For both vertical and horizontal techniques. Choosing the most ergonomic hand instrument can make a big difference in terms of discomforts and disorders when performing dental work. LM instruments are available with a selection of different handles. All exceptionally ergonomic due to the elastic silicone coating and optimized contouring.
The name and the code number on the handle ease the identification of the instrument during clinical procedures and maintenance. The larger diameter and design provide sensational grip that has been proven to be ergonomic and efficient in scientific clinical testing. Uniquely intelligent handle with the option for RFID tagging. The compatibility with the Dental Tracking System offers many opportunities to improve asset management and patient safety see more on www.
Classic ergonomic design that others copy.Scorpio when hurt
Functions well in all clinical procedures and guarantees excellent tactile sensitivity and relaxed grip. The thinner handle that functions best in light clinical procedures.
The LM-ErgoMix handle for exchangeable tips offers all the economical and ecological benefits of retipping. Available for specific instruments. Well balanced mirror handle with better reachability. Contact dealer. Share this. Description Hoe scalers. For the removal of supra- and subgingival calculus. For the anterior labial and lingual surfaces Works well also with lower incisors that are orally inclined. Design Fine hoe-shaped blade with rounded corners Elliptical cutting edge.
Hoe Scaler, anterior
Related products. Choosing the handle Choosing the most ergonomic hand instrument can make a big difference in terms of discomforts and disorders when performing dental work. Handle selection LM-ErgoSense The larger diameter and design provide sensational grip that has been proven to be ergonomic and efficient in scientific clinical testing. LM-ErgoMax Classic ergonomic design that others copy.
LM-ErgoNorm The thinner handle that functions best in light clinical procedures. LM-ErgoSingle Well balanced mirror handle with better reachability. Search for Search.
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